Peasants' Rights

India - Woman drying chilies - (c)Mohan Dhamotharan
In absolute terms, there have never been more peasants in the world than there are today: the number is currently estimated to be about 1.2 billion at the global level.  While peasant farmers, landless, rural workers, indigenous peoples, livestock herders, small-scale fishers, and their families represent about half of the world's population and constitute the backbone of our food systems, paradoxically, they are also disproportionately affected by hunger.

Peasants are in an increasingly dire situation

According to the UN, close to 80 percent of the people suffering from hunger and chronic malnutrition live in rural areas.  Moreover, peasants are victims of historic and persistent discrimination and other human rights violations such as arbitrary detentions and extrajudicial killings in many countries.

Access to productive resources is crucial for peasants who are consequently those most affected by land grabbing.  Peasants around the world also face increasing constraints from natural resource degradation and climate change.  Price volatility, lack of proper support for peasant agriculture, dumping of agricultural products on local markets, weather-related events and increasing pressures on natural resources put peasants in an increasingly dire situation.

FIAN's Work

Peasants, particularly women, need clear recognition of their right to land, to seeds, to information and technology, to freedom to determine prices and markets for agricultural production, to biological diversity, and to preserve the environment.

FIAN advocates for peasants' rights in an effort to overcome one of the major root causes of hunger. While it is urgent to better implement existing international norms for peasants and other people living in rural areas, we also contribute to addressing the normative gaps under international human rights law, and to elaborating new legal instruments regarding the rights of peasants.  One of these instruments is the declaration on the rights of peasants, which is being discussed in a working group of the UN Human Rights Council. 

 

Latest News

Report | 23-02-2015
Agrarian ReformExtraterritorial ObligationsLand GrabbingNatural Resources

Haki Zetu: Land and Human Rights

   Read more

News | 23-02-2015
Land GrabbingPeasants' RightsWaterAgrarian Reform

Dealing in Africa with land issues in a human rights perspective

A new Haki Zetu booklet, co-published by FIAN and Amnesty International, on "Land and Human Rights" provides information and guidance on how to defend land rights, monitor land policies and violations, advocate, campaign and seek redress for land-related violations.    Read more

Statement | 16-02-2015
Peasants' Rights

Peasants and rural workers claim their rights as guardians of Mother Earth

Representatives of peasants, indigenous peoples, pastoralists, fishers and rural workers from around the globe submit a joint declaration on a UN declaration on the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas    Read more

Statement | 02-02-2015
Peasants' Rights

Existent rights and states’ obligations shall advance within UN Declaration on Peasants Rights

FIAN International welcomes the new advanced draft on the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and other People Working in Rural Areas, and further advocates for a democratic debate in the Human Rights Council that respects, protects and fulfills the human rights of these groups    Read more

Press Release | 04-12-2014
GuatemalaIncome and Social SecurityJusticiabilityMonitoring and Accountability

International Mission in Guatemala presents preliminary findings

The Third International Mission on the Right to Food and the situation of Human Rights Defenders was held from 21 November 3 to December 2014 in Guatemala, presenting a number of preliminary findings.    Read more

Report | 02-12-2014
UgandaPeasants' RightsLand Grabbing

Parallel Report to the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on Uganda

The Parallel Report to the CESCR is titled "Human Rights violations in the context of Kaweri Coffee Plantation in Mubende (Uganda)"    Read more

News | 02-12-2014
UgandaIncome and Social SecurityIndigenous PeoplesLand Grabbing

Uganda in the spotlight this week at the UN concerning human rights violations

FIAN International and the Uganda Coalition on ESCR present their concerns before the pre-session of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and request the Government of Uganda to take steps towards the full realization of these rights in the country    Read more

Statement | 18-11-2014
Peasants' RightsExtraterritorial Obligations

Work continues for a Declaration on Peasants' Rights

On November 12, 2014 was held at the United Nations a consultation meeting to the second session of the Intergovernmental Working Group for a Declaration of Peasants' Rights and other people working in Rural Areas    Read more

News | 17-11-2014
ParaguayPeasants' RightsJusticiability

Trial is postponed on the 'Curuguaty massacre' case

The trial of the criminalized peasants scheduled for 17 November has been postponed until June 2015.    Read more