Brazil - Sugar cane trucks - (c) FIAN International
The current aggressive expansion of agrofuel production threatens the right to adequate food of the most oppressed groups worldwide.  The threats to the right to adequate food arising from agrofuel production include the loss of food autonomy, an increase in the exploitation of natural resources and the diversion of land and food crops for agrofuel production.


Agrofuels exacerbate poverty and hunger in the developing world

Food crops, as well as energy crops, require land and water, both of which are in limited supply.  Some crops, such as corn can be used as energy crops.   Energy and food issues are therefore closely related and food systems directly respond to developments in the field of agrofuels.

Access to productive resources is a key element of the human right to food.  The expansion of agrofuels is one driver of the current land grab and in many cases leads to the loss of access to land and water.  The diversion of food crops for agrofuel production has further played an important role in price increases for some staple food crops like wheat, maize, rice and vegetable oils.  There is sufficient evidence that the rush to convert food into fuels represents a serious threat to the lives and livelihoods of the poorest and most marginalized sectors of our societies.  This, in turn, exacerbates hunger and poverty in the world.


FIAN's Work

The solutions to global warming and the current energy crisis cannot be reached at the cost of the rights of the hungry and poor people of the world.   All strategies to find alternative energy sources must fully comply with international human rights standards.  This is why FIAN supports a moratorium on agrofuel production until such time as regulatory structures have been put in place to protect against negative impacts on environmental, social and human rights; and to allow time for new technologies to be devised.

FIAN cooperates closely with small farmers and civil society organizations in order to develop effective strategies to ensure that agrofuel development prioritizes food security above all else.

Read more about Agrofuels from the     UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food.

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